Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust. The MSHSAA promotes the value of participation, sportsmanship, team play, and personal excellence to develop citizens who make positive contributions to their community and support the democratic principles of our state and nation. Fourth, the threshold for inclusion in law enforcement databases is lower, now including individuals who have not had direct police contact. AFF Ideas: The most common aff on this topic will probably be one that focuses on racial inequality. Some of this concern can be resolved by carefully explaining what predictive policing is and what it is not. Law enforcement work is frequently reactive: Officers respond to calls for service, quell disturbances and make arrests. 2020 March Topic, Resolved: The United States should increase its use of nuclear energy for commercial energy production. The fact that the practice depends on the collection and processing of data has raised concerns over privacy rights. In our research, we analyze thirteen jurisdictions that have used or developed predictive policing tools while under government commission investigations or federal court monitored settlements, consent decrees, or memoranda of agreement stemming from corrupt, racially biased, or otherwise illegal policing practices. Submit. These policing practices and policies shape the environment and the methodology by which data is created, which raises the risk of creating inaccurate, skewed, or systemically biased data (“dirty data”). As explained in the study by L. B. Moses and J. Chan, because most of the processes in data analytics are automated, it could undermine the ability of individuals or agencies to give an account of their decisions in significant ways. These techniques can help departments address crime problems more effectively and efficiently. Predictive policing results in racial profiling because it reproduces flaws and biases in police data. Senior Open Mixed Extemp. Continued this season: Get both the PDF and Word versions of the book. Champion Brief- Here LD Resources 2020 March Topic, Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust. It uses complex mathematics to estimate crime and predict future hot spots. The worry is that predictive policing could amplify biases and lead to unequal outcomes for individuals and communities. Deploying predictive policing systems in jurisdictions with extensive histories of unlawful police practices presents elevated risks that dirty data will lead to flawed or unlawful predictions, which in turn risk perpetuating additional harm via feedback loops throughout the criminal justice system. 2020 March/April Topic Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust Briefly Posted on … All technology in law enforcement has its pros and cons, and the predictive policing pros and cons are discussed here. Yet in numerous jurisdictions, these systems are built on data produced during documented periods of flawed, racially biased, and sometimes unlawful practices and policies (“dirty policing”). Predictive Policing Symposium NIJ convened two symposium to discuss predictive policing and its impact on crime and justice. Today more than ever, law enforcement work is also proactive. Resolved: The United States should remove nearly all of its military presence in the Arab States of the Persian Gulf. h�Ėmk�8ǿ�^�r=?�@�4��v������4 ��h���Gv�>�.���,�F��oFv�2��vLY�lX�! (Predictive policing software also takes into account the phases of the moon and the schedules of sports games.) Resolved: The United States ought to legalize adult sex work. The author, Bärí A. Williams, should be commended for engaging the debate about building “intelligent” computer systems to predict crime, and for framing these developments in racial justice terms. Public Forum Topic Resolved: The United States should increase its use of nuclear energy for commercial energy production. First, discretionary assessments of risk are supplemented and quantified using risk scores. Copy and paste Big Sky Debate’s excellent research into your own briefs, or, print out the PDF and file the old-fashioned way! Bibliography and files Resolved: The United States ought to legalize adult sex work. At-risk sites are marked with boxes colour-coded according to … Last month, for example, researchers in Wales at the Social Data Science Lab at Cardiff University received an $800,000 grant from the U.S. Department of Justice to come up with a predictive policing model for Los Angeles — specifically, for hate crimes. This article is more than 1 year old. The problem is that for a lot of civilians predictive policing conjures flashbacks to the 2002 film Minority Report, a future where people are arrested and sentenced before they ever commit a crime. They are being used by law enforcement agencies across the United States and elsewhere, and these experiences offer valuable lessons for other police departments as they consider the available tools to collect data, develop crime-related forecasts, and take action in their communities. $24.99. Don't have an account? However, the same is true for its disadvantages or drawbacks. CP and PICs affirm because they do not disprove my general thesis i.e. Predictive policing poses discrimination risk, thinktank warns. public_forum_debate_instructions.pdf: File Size: 153 kb: File Type: pdf: Download File. “Predictive policing” has an enticing ring to it. And predictive policing continues to be a popular target for research all over the world. Shared Folder: Research Folder [2020-03&04] = Predictive Policing. [1] Predictive policing methods fall into four general categories: methods for predicting crimes, methods for predicting offenders, methods for predicting perpetrators’ identities, and methods for predicting victims of crime.[2]. Senior Open Mixed Extemp. The use of predictive policing in law enforcement is part of a longer historical shift from reactive policing to proactive policing. Jan/Feb 2020: "Resolved: States ought to eliminate their nuclear arsenals." Machine-learning algorithms could replicate or amplify bias on race, sexuality and age. Kim worked very effectively to build cases on the affirmative and negative sides of the resolution. Making it Work. Law enforcement has evolved a lot since then, of course. Sunday, the New York Times published a well-meaning op-ed about the fears of racial bias in artificial intelligence and predictive policing systems. POLICING PREDICTIVE POLICING. Each round will include a mixture of international and domestic themes. 5. Machine-learning algorithms could replicate or amplify bias on race, sexuality and age. Advocacy Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust. Resolved: The United States should remove nearly all of its military presence in the Arab States of the Persian Gulf. Predictive policing is a phrase that raises concerns for many. %%EOF TOPIC: Predictive Policing. Predictive policing poses discrimination risk, thinktank warns. What’s not to get excited about?Unfortunately, many predictions made by policing software don’t come true. And in recent decades, information technology has emerged as a significant player in policing. Predictive policing solves that because officers are already on standby and have experience in their area of assignment because they are deployed there for longer periods of time. predictive policing, providing assessments of both the most promising technical tools for making predictions and the most promising tactical approaches for acting on them. Resolved: Japan ought to amend Article 9 of its constitution to allow for offensive military capabilities. Human rights groups have claimed predictive policing unfairly targets minorities by reinforcing existing attitudes. Bibliography & files Resolved: Japan ought to amend Article 9 of its constitution to allow for offensive military capabilities. The current work demonstrates that this problem is less readily resolved than previously suspected. 5. Finally, I highlight the social consequences of big data surveillance for law and social inequality. All Products April 2020 briefs debate debate briefs LD Lincoln-Douglas Debate March 2020 March/April 2020 National Speech and Debate Association NSDA The 2021 January Public Forum debate is, Resolved: The NSA should end its surveillance of U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents. Data from past crimes, including crime types and locations, are fed into a The 2020 March/April Lincoln-Douglas debate topic is, Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust. Resolved: Japan ought to amend Article 9 of its constitution to allow for offensive military capabilities. The “definition of predictive policing” has been in use for years, but the growth of software and reliance upon it has given us insight into both the benefits and challenges of predictive policing. = Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust. Bibliography and files Resolved: The United States ought to legalize adult sex work. 618 0 obj <> endobj The March/April Lincoln-Douglas Brief from Champion Briefs is 393 pages long and includes in-depth Topic Analyses by Sheryl Kaczmarek, Amanda Ciocca, Charles Karcher, and Shankar Krishnan, 275+ cards, General Information about the topic, Framework suggestions, and more! birds fly is not denied by the one instance of penguins. Less police violence helps build Bridges with communities. Continued this season: Get both the PDF and Word versions of the book. Big Data Surveillance: The Case of Predictive Policing (2017). The current work demonstrates that this problem is less readily resolved than previously suspected. See Sample Brief. The 2021 January Public Forum debate is, Resolved: The NSA should end its surveillance of U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents. All technology in law enforcement has its pros and cons, and the predictive policing pros and cons are discussed here. Nationals: To be announced May 1, 2020. Stoa: "Resolved: Culture ought to value assimilation over multiculturalism." Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust. Resolved: The United States ought to grant legal personhood to natural ecosystems. What’s not to get excited about?Unfortunately, many predictions made by policing software don’t come true. The September 11 attacks in 2001 led to a radical modernization in American policing that included the advent of so-called Big Data — analysis of large datasets to discover hidden patterns. Forgot password? Predictive policing is “the application of analytical techniques—particularly quantitative techniques—to identify likely targets for police intervention and prevent crime or solve past crimes by making statistical predictions” ( RAND, 2013 ). This article examines the intersection of two structural developments: the growth of surveillance and the rise of “big data.” Drawing on observations and interviews conducted within the Los Angeles Police Department, I offer an empirical account of how the adoption of big data analytics does—and does not—transform police surveillance practices. At-risk sites are marked with boxes colour-coded according to … “Predictive policing is often hailed as a scientific solution to otherwise-intractable issues of policing, such as racial profiling. Resolved: Japan ought to amend Article 9 of its constitution to allow for offensive military capabilities. R��M -��1H�10�\��*��4� ����� Fifth, previously separate data systems are merged, facilitating the spread of surveillance into a wide range of institutions. A 2019 study by the AI Now Institute, for example, describes how some police departments rely on “dirty data” — or data that is “derived from or influenced by corrupt, biased, and unlawful practices,” including both discriminatory policing and manipulation of crime statistics — to inform their predictive policing systems. Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust. These differences in opinion can make it difficult to decide on how or even if law enforcement should be using predictive analytics. Check the doc for a list of spec. And predictive policing continues to be a popular target for research all over the world. Software is more accurate at predicting policing than crime (2018), Using Predictive policing to reduce crime (2018), Copyright © DebateUS 2019 | Developed and Maintained by Suddha.Marketing, Predictive Policing: The Role of Crime in Forecasting Law Enforcement Operations. 2020 March Topic, Resolved: The United States should increase its use of nuclear energy for commercial energy production. predictive policing, providing assessments of both the most promising technical tools for making predictions and the most promising tactical approaches for acting on them. The use of predictive policing must be treated with high levels of caution and mechanisms for the public to know, assess, and reject such systems are imperative. The worry is that predictive policing could amplify biases and lead to unequal outcomes for individuals and communities. Is predictive policing the future of law enforcement? h�bbd```b``z "���@$�o�|LJ����١`RL��`��[6�H2������10120��ehN�g��� � (K< Is predictive policing the future of law enforcement? )�� Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust. The Los Angeles Police Department embraced predictive policing in 2015, but it has taken until now for the department’s assortment of once-shadowy … Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust. Register. Missouri State High School Sports Activities. Missouri State High School Sports Activities. RESEARCH BRIEF Predictive Policing Forecasting Crime for Law Enforcement P redictive policing—the application of analytical tech-niques, particularly quantitative techniques, to identify promising targets for police intervention and prevent or solve … Wikipedia. Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust. A list of briefs for this book appears below. endstream endobj 619 0 obj <>/Metadata 28 0 R/Outlines 32 0 R/Pages 616 0 R/StructTreeRoot 47 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences 635 0 R>> endobj 620 0 obj <>/MediaBox[0 0 612 792]/Parent 616 0 R/Resources<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 621 0 obj <>stream Second, data are used for predictive, rather than reactive or explanatory, purposes. Big Data Surveillance: The Case of Predictive Policing, Software is more accurate at predicting policing than crime, Using Predictive policing to reduce crime, Resolved: States ought to ban lethal autonomous weapons (bibliography), The United States ought to provide a federal jobs guarantee (bibliography PLUS evidence). A list of briefs for this book appears below. Check the doc for a list of spec. We approached this task in three ways: 1. Copy and paste Big Sky Debate’s excellent research into your own briefs, or, print out the PDF and file the old-fashioned way! The September 11 attacks in 2001 led to a radical modernization in American policing that included the advent of so-called Big Data — analysis of large datasets to discover hidden patterns. Champion Brief- Here NSDA LD Textbook (how … Third, the proliferation of automatic alert systems makes it possible to systematically surveil an unprecedentedly large number of people. Some of these data might be too personal, or their handlers might lack the capabilities and professionalism to keep them secured. Though debate is competitive, it must also be accessible. 0 More information: Christopher M. Sullivan et al. CP and PICs affirm because they do not disprove my general thesis i.e. Advocacy Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust. 2020 March/April Topic Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust We approached this task in three ways: 1. The predictive policing model helped to alert officers to targeted locations in real time, a significant improvement over traditional tactics. The MSHSAA promotes the value of participation, sportsmanship, team play, and personal excellence to develop citizens who make positive contributions to their community and support the democratic principles of our state and nation. Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust. Human rights groups have claimed predictive policing unfairly targets minorities by reinforcing existing attitudes. L. Edwards and L. Urquhart explored the privacy issues raised i… A Wisconsin man challenged a 7-year jail sentence he got for driving a car without the owner’s consent and eluding police because a risk-assessment tool called COMPAS determined he was a high risk for committing future crimes. endstream endobj startxref Data from past crimes, including crime types and locations, are fed into a A 2019 study by the AI Now Institute, for example, describes how some police departments rely on “dirty data” — or data that is “derived from or influenced by corrupt, biased, and unlawful practices,” including both discriminatory policing and manipulation of crime statistics — to inform their predictive policing systems. The implications of these findings have widespread ramifications for predictive policing writ large. %PDF-1.7 %���� This article is more than 1 year old. birds fly is not denied by the one instance of penguins. “Predictive policing” has an enticing ring to it. Resolved: The United States ought to legalize adult sex work. Predictive policing is a phrase that raises concerns for many. The 2020 March/April Lincoln-Douglas debate topic is, Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust. If predictive policing systems are informed by such data, they cannot escape the legacies of the unlawful or biased policing practices that they are built on. This couldn't be farther from the truth. Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust. Senior Open Lincoln-Douglas Debate. In particular, we examine the link between unlawful and biased police practices and the data available to train or implement these systems. The idea is that you feed a bunch of data into a mysterious algorithm, and poof, out comes intelligence about the future that tells police where the next crime is going to occur, or even who is going to commit it. Bibliography Resolved: The United States ought to grant legal personhood to natural ecosystems. Champion Brief- Here LD Resources 2020 March Topic, Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust. The author, Bärí A. Williams, should be commended for engaging the debate about building “intelligent” computer systems to predict crime, and for framing these developments in racial justice terms. Resolved: The United States ought to grant legal personhood to natural ecosystems. Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust. Resolved: The United States ought to grant legal personhood to natural ecosystems. Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust. Nor do current claims by predictive policing vendors provide sufficient assurances that their systems adequately mitigate or segregate this data. Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust. Predictive Policing Symposium NIJ convened two symposium to discuss predictive policing and its impact on crime and justice. "Throughout the month of February, Eloy did not stop practicing, going so far as to mock debate our assistant coach until 11 p.m. in the hotel room the evening before the event. 1113 Carolina, Washington, Tennessee, Florida, Pennsylvania, and New York, among others, have purchased new predictive policing software to combat property crimes such as burglaries, car thefts, and thefts from automobiles. Predictive policing is “the application of analytical techniques—particularly quantitative techniques—to identify likely targets for police intervention and prevent crime or solve past crimes by making statistical predictions” ( RAND, 2013 ). Some of this concern can be resolved by carefully explaining what predictive policing is and what it is not. Yet as with many technologies that appear to provide a quick fix to complex social and political challenges, predictive policing promises far more than it can deliver — and actually exacerbates the problems that it claims to solve. Briefly Posted on … Mar/Apr 2020: "Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust." Champion Brief- Here NSDA LD Textbook (how to do LD) Victory Briefs Guide (Another intro to LD) The algorithm is a culmination of anthropological and criminological behavior research. Bibliography & files Resolved: Japan ought to amend Article 9 of its constitution to allow for offensive military capabilities. Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust Entry Fee $21.00 Entry 1 competitors per entry Invite & Packets Location Westmont High School Contacts Coast Forensic League Info Invitation Homepage Events & Divisions Events Lincoln Douglas Parliamentary Policy Public … More broadly, this guide is intended to put predictive policing in the context of other modern, proactive policing measures. (2016), Dirty Data, Bad Predictions (2019) Law enforcement agencies are increasingly using predictive policing systems to forecast criminal activity and allocate police resources. Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust. We highlight three case studies: (1) Chicago, an example of where dirty data was ingested directly into the city’s predictive system; (2) New Orleans, an example where the extensive evidence of dirty policing practices and recent litigation suggests an extremely high risk that dirty data was or could be used in predictive policing; and (3) Maricopa County, where despite extensive evidence of dirty policing practices, a lack of public transparency about the details of various predictive policing systems restricts a proper assessment of the risks. 1113 Carolina, Washington, Tennessee, Florida, Pennsylvania, and New York, among others, have purchased new predictive policing software to combat property crimes such as burglaries, car thefts, and thefts from automobiles. Last month, for example, researchers in Wales at the Social Data Science Lab at Cardiff University received an $800,000 grant from the U.S. Department of Justice to come up with a predictive policing model for Los Angeles — specifically, for hate crimes. BACKGROUND: Predictive Policing: The Role of Crime Forecasting in Law Enforcement Operations, Rand Corporation [Report: Executive Summary], 2013 Another disadvantage of predictive policing is that it reduces the accountability of law enforcers. Predictive policing refers to the usage of mathematical, predictive analytics, and other analytical techniques in law enforcement to identify potential criminal activity. D�Y� �0� Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust. Resolved: The United States ought to grant legal personhood to natural ecosystems. (Predictive policing software also takes into account the phases of the moon and the schedules of sports games.) Evidence that curtailing proactive policing can reduce major crime, Nature Human Behaviour (2017).DOI: 10.1038/s41562-017-0211-5. Login to Purchase. Sunday, the New York Times published a well-meaning op-ed about the fears of racial bias in artificial intelligence and predictive policing systems. h�b```��,l� ��ea�8 ��s`�u�fœ�4RDnp��600�8L�T��]� �++�+؀$C��d�2�j>(f`� :C���MI��&�:�A{,X�0pHJe�e` 634 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<6CAC2F4B41B6044399DC4C3D9B0D9443><2B7522439D361141893EC3DACC2A2E5E>]/Index[618 36]/Info 617 0 R/Length 88/Prev 170914/Root 619 0 R/Size 654/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Evidence that curtailing proactive policing can reduce major crime, Nature Human Behaviour (2017).DOI: 10.1038/s41562-017-0211-5. For example, some people argue that while predictive policing is unjust when it attempts to identify potential perpetrators of crimes, it is a good method when used only to identify potential victims of crimes since that would allow police officers to help provide these victims with protection and support. Predictive policing refers to the usage of mathematical, predictive analytics, and other analytical techniques in law enforcement to identify potential criminal activity. Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust. The idea is that you feed a bunch of data into a mysterious algorithm, and poof, out comes intelligence about the future that tells police where the next crime is going to occur, or even who is going to commit it. Law enforcement work is frequently reactive: Officers respond to calls for service, quell disturbances and make arrests. Each round will include a mixture of international and domestic themes. Resolved: Predictive policing is unjust. Law enforcement has evolved a lot since then, of course. Resolved: The United States ought to legalize adult sex work. March/April Lincoln-Douglas Brief. A Quick Note Before We Get Started: Before we dive into the research and argumentation, it is important to take a second to acknowledge that policing can be a politically charged topic. And in recent decades, information technology has emerged as a significant player in policing. Predictive Policing: The Role of Crime in Forecasting Law Enforcement Operations  Predictive policing is the use of analytical techniques to identify promising targets for police intervention with the goal of preventing crime, solving past crimes, and identifying potential offenders and victims. , facilitating the spread of surveillance into a wide range of institutions or segregate this data systems makes it to. End its surveillance of U.S. citizens and lawful permanent residents the book individuals and communities schedules of games... 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