The Austin Zoo, located in unincorporated western Travis County, is a rescue zoo that provides sanctuary to displaced animals from a variety of situations, including those involving neglect. The population density of Austin, TX was 3,047 in 2016. [44][45], In September 1881, Austin public schools held their first classes. [114], The Greater Austin metropolitan statistical area had a gross domestic product (GDP) of $86 billion in 2010. [49], In 1940, the destroyed granite dam on the Colorado River was finally replaced by a hollow concrete dam[50] that formed Lake McDonald (now called Lake Austin) and which has withstood all floods since. Above charts are based on data from the U.S. Census American Community Survey | ODN Dataset | API - Notes: 1. McKinney Falls State Park is a state park administered by the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, located at the confluence of Onion Creek and Williamson Creek. The Austin Monitor is an online outlet that specializes in insider reporting on City Hall, Travis County Commissioners Court, AISD, and other related local civics beats. Emerging from a strong economic focus on government and education, since the 1990s Austin has become a center for technology and business. For example, here is a comparison of the density profiles of the Austin and Houston metropolitan areas, based on 2010 data. Over the past few years, however, construction has not kept up with the population growth, creating a shortage of housing and jumps in home sales and prices. However, failure to come to an agreement with the Union Pacific Railroad, the tracks' current owner, ended the project in 2016.[299]. According to the 2010 United States Census, the racial composition of Austin was 68.3% White (48.7% non-Hispanic whites), 35.1% Hispanic or Latino (29.1% Mexican, 0.5% Puerto Rican, 0.4% Cuban, 5.1% Other), 8.1% African American, 6.3% Asian (1.9% Indian, 1.5% Chinese, 1.0% Vietnamese, 0.7% Korean, 0.3% Filipino, 0.2% Japanese, 0.8% Other), 0.9% American Indian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, and 3.4% two or more races. [35] Settlement in the area began to expand quickly. According to most classifications, Austin lies within the extreme southern periphery of Tornado Alley, although many sources place Austin outside of Tornado Alley altogether. [31] The original site was narrowed to 640 acres (260 ha) that fronted the Colorado River between two creeks, Shoal Creek and Waller Creek, which was later named in his honor. The University of Texas Police operate from the University of Texas. The other five districts are represented by Republicans, of whom only one, Michael McCaul of the 10th district, lives in Travis County. [240] The resulting explosion killed 1 and injured 13 IRS employees, completely destroyed the building and cost the IRS a total of $38.6 million. Database Download: Population Density in Austin, TX by Zip Code: Austin, TX Report: Population Density 11,008.66: 93.88: Related Reports. [92] From the 22nd to the 29th of October 2018 the City of Austin issued a mandatory citywide boil-water advisory after the Highland Lakes, home to the city's main water supply, became overwhelmed by unprecedented amounts of silt, dirt, and debris that washed in from the Llano River. The entire route of State Highway 130 is now complete. In 1970, its population was 15% Hispanic, 12% black and 73% non-Hispanic white; by 2010, the city was 35% Hispanic, 48% white and only 8% black. Austin is known as an enclave of liberal politics in an otherwise conservative state—so much so, that the city is sometimes sarcastically called the "People's Republic of Austin" by residents of other parts of Texas, and conservatives in the Texas Legislature.[263][264]. Sam Houston fought bitterly against Lamar's decision to establish the capital in such a remote wilderness. Other companies based in Austin include NXP Semiconductors, GoodPop, Temple-Inland, Sweet Leaf Tea Company, Keller Williams Realty, National Western Life, GSD&M, Dimensional Fund Advisors, Golfsmith, Forestar Group, EZCorp, Outdoor Voices, Tito's Vodka, Indeed, Speak Social, and YETI. [305][306][307] On May 9, 2016, Uber and Lyft voluntarily ceased operations in Austin in response to a city ordinance that required drivers for Uber, Lyft, and other transportation network companies to get fingerprint checks, to have their vehicles labeled, and to not pick up and drop off in certain city lanes. 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